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Home > Spice Producing Areas > Pepper
Pepper - Spice Producing Areas
PepperBlack pepper is the dried mature but unripe berries (fruit) of a branching vine or climbing perennial shrub mostly found in hot and moist parts of South India notably Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. Kerala contributes about 96% of total pepper production of India, followed by Karnataka, which contributes about 3.5%.

It is one of the most ancient crops cultivated in India and has probably originated in the hills of South Western India, where it is met with in the wild state in the rain forests, from North Kanara to Kanyakumari. It is also cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Thailand and other tropical countries.

Long pepper is a slender aromatic climber with perennial woody roots occurring in the hotter parts of India, from Central Himalayas to Assam, Khasi and Karbi Anglong, lower hills of Bengal, and evergreen forests of the Western Ghats from Konkan to Travancore besides as per latest information also in Nicobar Islands.

Chabika is a wild grown creeper found almost all over India, belonging to pepper family.

Among the spices consumed per head in India, dried Chilli contributes major share. Capsicum annum is a variable annual sub-shrub (originated in the American tropics) to which the flowers are borne singly and the fruits are usually pendent, which provide us all the red peppers, cayenne, paprika and chillies, while a mild form with large inflated fruits constitutes the sweet pepper and is used as vegetable. Red pepper or chillies are cultivated mainly in tropical and sub-tropical countries, notably the African countries, India, Japan, Mexico, Turkey and part of the USA etc.
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